In a recent interview with Arise TV, the Attorney General of the Federation, Abubakar Malami, SAN had indicated that the Federal Authorities of Nigeria could perchance perhaps additionally simply take into chronicle a political answer to the matters bright Mazi Nnamdi Kanu, leader of the proscribed Indigenous Peoples Organisation of Biafra (IPOB) and Sunday Igboho, the self-determination, Yoruba Nation activist, in the imply time in custody and on trial in Benin Republic. Nonetheless handiest if an map in that route change into proposed to the Federal Authorities. It’s due to this fact now not gorgeous that internal two weeks after this declaration, a delegation of Igbo elders led by 93-one year-worn statesman, mature Minister of Aviation in the First Republic, Chief Mbazulike Amaechi, the trade unionist is called “The Boy is Correct”. Is known as the Highly Revered Igbo Greats, the delegates included mature Anambra Pronounce Governor, Chief Chukwuemeka Ezeife, Bishop Sunday Onuoha of the Methodist Church, mature President of Aka Ikenga, Chief Goddy Uwazurike and Tagbo Amaechi.
Chief Mbazulike Amaechi, speaking on behalf of the Igbo Greats (representatives of Igbo Greats basically on chronicle of there are so a mode of all of them over the globe), pleaded for amnesty for Nnamdi Kanu. This demand must always had been made in full files of the real fact that a political answer is indeed doable underneath the conditions, in web web page of a strictly staunch or authoritarian map, and that whereas the mature could perchance perhaps result in therapeutic, reconciliation, a strategy of justice and lodging, when previously the Nigerian executive relied on authoritarian and heavy hand choices, the country ended up paying a heavy tag. Eradicate into consideration the trial and break of Ken Saro Wiwa in November 1995. In opposition to all counsel to the contrary, the Abacha militia junta went ahead and killed Ken Saro Wiwa on November 10, 1995. Nigeria has now not yet recovered from that error of judgment.
Decades after, the arena continues to memorialize Ken Saro-Wiwa and the beliefs for which he lived, fought, and for which he one way or the opposite paid the supreme sacrifice – the rights of the Ogoni individuals to self-determination, their correct of management over their occupy sources, and the want to sanction the abuse of the atmosphere by the oil multinationals. In distinction, the males who ordered his dying, those who danced on his grave are both unimaginative or forgotten, their legacy a faint reminiscence of disgrace, and uncouth. Saro-Wiwa change into a champion of his individuals’s rights to be treated relatively and justly. He change into President of the Circulation for the Survival of the Ogoni Folk (MOSOP). The Nigerian train, like a colonial overlord, deployed divide and rule solutions among the many Ogonis. Ken Saro-Wiwa change into became the autumn-man and scapegoat in the unfolding spectacle of intra-fratricidal war. For individuals who possess an very fair appropriate time historic past, right here’s a relatively, contemporary cautionary story. Leaders who like to defend faraway from the mistakes of historic past must always first just like the worth of it now not merely as yarn however as a source of finding out and data.
We’re now not in a arena to educate historic past to President Buhari’s guests nor to the President himself who possess all been predominant witnesses to Nigerian historic past and indeed architects of it, every in his occupy map. President Buhari’s response change into loaded, moderately cautiously, he gave nothing away. The correct that the Igbo Greats went home with change into the promise that he would take into chronicle their moderately refined demand. Hear him: “That you just’ll want to perhaps additionally simply possess made an extremely refined quiz on me as leader of this country. The implication of your demand is terribly serious. Within the final six years, since I grew to turn out to be President, no person would sigh I possess confronted or interfered in the work of the judiciary…The quiz you made is heavy, I will take into chronicle it…”
The meeting with the Igbo Greats on the matter of Nnamdi Kanu could perchance perhaps be the most noteworthy strive in that regard to this level. It change into initiated and led by persons who weren’t searching for any instantaneous political achieve. If that meeting had been led by politicians or train Governors, no person would possess taken them severely. Nonetheless can the President grant the Amnesty? Sure, he can. And there is a precedent in that regard. The President’s powers to grant Amnesty, in every other case described because the prerogative of mercy, exist underneath Fragment 175 (1) of the 1999 Constitution. Fragment 175 (2) and (3) clarify how such powers will be exercised. This allotment of the legislation change into utilized in the Henry Okah case in 2008/9. Okah, primarily based in South Africa, change into identified as a predominant leader of the then notorious Circulation for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND). The neighborhood, combating for the rights of the individuals of the Niger Delta, kidnapped international oil workers, destroyed strategic oil installations and posed a threat to the financial pursuits of the country. Okah change into arrested in Angola and deported to Nigeria in February 2008. He change into charged with 62 counts of treason, terrorism, illegal possession of hands, hands trafficking, with the chance of a dying penalty. Admire IPOB these days, MEND also had a spokesperson – one Jomo Gbomo. MEND also had a militant cruise led by self-styled Generals. In 2009, the then President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua, acting on the ideas of the Presidential Panel on Amnesty and Disarmament for Militants of the Niger Delta proclaimed Amnesty for Okah and other militants pursuant to Fragment 175 of the 1999 Constitution.
The replacement ground on which the accused particular person will be region free is underneath Fragment 174 (1-3) of the 1999 Constitution, the put the Attorney General of the Federation can intervene in any proceedings in any courtroom of legislation in Nigeria other than a courtroom-martial, in regards to any offence at all, and both take over the case or discontinue it via the instrumentality of a nolle prosequi. The AGF is required to construct so alternatively, in particular person or by proxy, with “regard to the general public interest, the interest of justice and the want to forestall the abuse of staunch route of.” Extra, the Constitution grants the Attorney General full and yell authority right here, without recourse to the President however since the offices of the AGF and that of the Minister of Justice are mixed underneath our jurisdiction, the AGF is now not factual a Chief Appropriate Officer of the Federation, he’s also a political appointee, Cupboard Minister, in his capacity as a Minister of Justice. Subsequently, he infrequently acts independently, without the approval of the President. In enact, underneath each and each Sections 174 and 175 of the 1999 Constitution, the Govt arm of executive can free or grant amnesty to any accused or convicted particular person, earlier than, at some level of or after a trial. The argument that this would quantity to a violation of the doctrine of the separation of powers is primarily tutorial. Alternatively, there’ll be other concerns with peril that outline the President’s conditions.
A necessary distinction between the demand for amnesty by the Igbo Greats searching for amnesty and the MEND case, as an illustration, change into that every and each Henry Okah and the Niger Delta militants in MEND, agreed to the disarmament and amnesty plans as outlined by all parties fervent. The second is that the amnesty change into now not for Henry Okah alone however all militants who had been prepared to end hostilities. The long-duration of time enact change into the late return of normalcy to the Niger Delta and the eventual advent of a Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs. Within the sizzling Igbo proposal, the most intriguing title that change into talked about for amnesty change into that of Nnamdi Kanu. What about lieutenants and sympathisers of the IPOB motive? Who will plead for them? The “many squaddies of the revolution” languishing in detention centres. Chief Amaechi said of Kanu to President Buhari that if he change into launched to him, “he would no longer sigh things he has been pronouncing.” He added that “he could perchance perhaps management him now not on chronicle of I possess the relaxation to construct with IPOB however I’m highly respected in Igboland these days.”
Nonetheless did Chief Amaechi and the Igbo Greats search the suggestion of with Kanu and his followers? Were they notified about the search the suggestion of with to Aso Villa? It’s culturally acceptable in Africa for elders contained in the community to step forward to present protection to their formative years after they seem to be at battle with external forces. It’s phase of the responsibility of the “ummuna” to present protection to its occupy. There must always a proverb for this in one of Chinua Achebe’s novels most most likely! Nonetheless even the formative years that must always be saved could perchance perhaps additionally simply indifferent be carried alongside, namely the formative years of on this present day and age. Earlier to now, every other Igbo elders suggested IPOB and individuals of the Jap Security Network (ESN) to practical the tone of their self-determination demands. No one listened to them. Assorted elders appealed to the individuals to forget IPOB’s declared sit-at-home impart in every phase of the South East. Even when IPOB came forward to allege that it had vacated the an analogous impart, the individuals stubbornly refused to note IPOB’s lead. Until these days, they discontinue at home on Mondays. IPOB is a more highly efficient power in the South East these days than any train executive. Many Igbo families possess stopped going home out of anguish. Will the liberate of Nnamdi Kanu douse stress? Extra so as there are every other formative years teams and stakeholders who are arguing that Mazi Nnamdi Kanu has now not committed any offence and that he wants to be allowed his day in courtroom and treated relatively. They don’t desire any sympathy from the Federal Authorities. And Ndigbo could perchance perhaps additionally simply indifferent now not streak to Buhari to beg for the relaxation. Same arena, assorted reactions all over generational lines. Who could perchance perhaps additionally simply indifferent General Buhari eavesdrop on?
President Buhari’s fingers will be tied by the belief that the train of affairs of amnesty has turn out to be some distance more sensitive in Nigeria these days than when it first grew to turn out to be current in the early phase of the century. The scope of its meaning and context has been expanded to quilt all kinds of disorders: including faith, ethnicity and societal prejudices. Now we possess heard cases of requests for amnesty also by bandits and terrorists, farmers and herders, husbands and other halves. Thus, when certain stakeholders in the North requested for amnesty for Boko Haram, the ISWAP, and other individuals to blame for the stress in the country, the consuming answer change into that this would quantity to amnesty without justice. If the President is now not allowed to grant blanket amnesty to Boko Haram, ISWAP, and herders, why could perchance perhaps additionally simply indifferent he grant amnesty to the leader of IPOB?
As well, Nnamdi Kanu violated the terms of the bail previously granted to him. If he absconded a second time and continues to combat for the self-determination of their individuals, which in itself is an staunch underneath Articles 1 and 55 of the UN Charter on individuals’s and civil rights, then, the put does that leave Nigeria? Will Ndigbo just like the liberate of Nnamdi Kanu, who they judge change into unjustly arrested, in Kenya? And shabbily treated? Will the an analogous Kanu if he had been invited by the executive, agree to sit down down down for any negotiations, without first consulting his followers? The cases possess changed indeed. The an analogous pursuits contemplating the Okah case in 2008/2009, possess now been amplified to the third diploma.
So, what could perchance perhaps additionally simply indifferent President Buhari construct? He could perchance perhaps additionally simply indifferent grant Nnamdi Kanu, Sunday Igboho, their followers and collaborators in assorted ingredients of the country amnesty to pave the map in which for the emplacement of a constructing for dialogue, therapeutic, reconciliation and justice. He has a responsibility to tag that there is now not any such thing as a battle towards the Igbos of Nigeria or every other neighborhood internal. The mighty train of affairs for Ndigbo goes beyond amnesty for Nnamdi Kanu. Jobs for younger Igbos. Equity in appointments to Federal positions. Equitable distribution of sources and alternatives. Funding in training in the East. The completion of the River Niger Bridge. The lesson that wants to be learnt is that no neighborhood in Nigeria wants to be marginalized or maltreated. It’s when right here’s now not executed that you note many youths on the streets claiming that they are greater off in a land-locked self reliant country of their occupy than to discontinue in a Nigeria which flows with milk and honey, the safe entry to to which is monopolized by a minority, and that involves the milk and honey in individuals’s backyards.
President Buhari has his private disorders. As Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, what would he sigh to his troops which possess engaged IPOB and Kanu’s followers previously few years? The President himself once identified that the plan of the radicals of the East change into to sabotage his executive. The replacement of security agents and agencies deployed to Anambra at some level of the final Gubernatorial election in that train is in itself, a proof of the executive’s determination to construct fight with IPOB, ESN or every other neighborhood of non-train actors. It’s indeed, a complex decision to fabricate.
The President could perchance perhaps additionally simply indifferent gaze into the matter, alternatively as promised. The Igbo Greats can handiest nurse the optimism that President Buhari would indeed construct so. For how long? No one is conscious of. As in Samuel Beckett’s “Attempting ahead to Godot,” we wait.