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Nigeria: Patriarchy Persists in Nigeria

by Good News
Nigeria: Patriarchy Persists in Nigeria

Chrisland Faculties on Victoria Island in Lagos used to be lately in the news for the defective reasons. Nigerian newspapers – and some extra afield – carried the epic of an incident in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, all over the World College Video games in March 2022. There had been allegations of drug use, pornography and intercourse by below-out of date young other folks – four boys and a woman – representing their college in the games. The students allegedly had intercourse and it used to be recorded. The recording later went viral.

Four lecturers, three male and one female, were charged in courtroom over the incident. The lecturers had been charged for allegedly concealing the intercourse tape. They had been the supervisors of the Dubai outing.

The incident raises some essential points across the discipline of patriarchy thanks to the means all over which blame used to be apportioned. Some media reports blamed the mum of the ten-year-pale girl. The father used to be never mentioned. Nor used to be the behavior of the fogeys of the four boys alive to ever mentioned. The boys weren’t strongly reprimanded, the girl used to be.

As a gender pupil who has studied females’s history and masculinities, I look this as any other case of patriarchy promoting the differential enjoyment of privileges between women and males. The manner all over which the incident used to be reported by the clicking and the form of apportioning blame appear to recommend that males can acquire away with obvious actions, but females can no longer. Males create no longer must uphold society’s appropriate style codes like females create.

This raises the anticipate of whether or no longer females in Nigeria abet patriarchy – and, if they devise, why.

Patriarchy in Nigeria

Patriarchy is a socio-cultural contrivance that privileges maleness over femaleness and enthrones masculine domination of females.

This methodology is evident the set authority is vested in males as a class, and particularly in senior males or pale males, who, as custodians of their cultures, be definite that primary compliance with social and cultural norms. Patriarchal dominance evolved correct into a formidable institution with sure political undertones.

It operates in many societies across the globe, and is pervasive and resilient in African cultures.

In Nigeria, particularly, patriarchy is evident in a differ of ideas. In bigger than Twenty years of study into females’s history, I even contain considered patriarchy presenting itself in these forms: denigration of the female gender; social, cultural and political subjugation of females; exclusion of the female gender from public place of work; sexual exploitation of, and aggression against, females; and denial of female rights and company. These kinds of patriarchy (and extra) set inequality between the gender teams and stop in unequal access to rights and privileges.

Scrutiny falls on females and girls

In the Chrisland Faculties incident, patriarchy is central in the social calls for made on females. These vary vastly from expectations of males, particularly in equivalent circumstances.

The incident did now not trigger as extraordinary of media outcry against the four male students alive to as against the girl.

Public scrutiny in the media of the behaviour of the boys and of their family histories used to be no longer as a lot as public scrutiny of the girl’s behaviour and of her family.

This reaffirms the patriarchal appropriate style perception that excuses, and usually encourages, the sexual adventures of boy young other folks, but strongly disapproves of equivalent action by girl young other folks.

Such differential enjoyment of rights and dignity is prime in patriarchy.

Girls make a contribution to patriarchy

Correct as Nigerian males collectively defend the patriarchal institution and the privileges they acquire pleasure from, I even contain found out in my study that Nigerian females also make a contribution – with or without understanding it – to reinforcing the institutions that oppress them and undermine gender equality.

Nigerian females, like males, perpetuate patriarchy in hundreds of ideas. One is by consenting to institutionalised patriarchy by philosophically reasoning: “it has persistently been so … why must mute we elevate any objections?”.

This horrified acceptance of male domination pervades the psyche of many Nigerian females and determines how they give the impact of being their world and their experiences. Thus conditioned, it becomes sophisticated for most to battle patriarchal bondage or to narrate themselves.

Girls also ingrain this thinking, outlook and behaviour into their female young other folks. Girls are brought up in accordance with the social norms licensed by males for the female gender.

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Learn that I printed in 2005 found out that females also reinforced patriarchal suggestions, values and ideas of behaviour in the means they socialised boy young other folks. They laid the foundation for particular devices of what it supposed to be masculine.

One more means that females inspire patriarchy is by deliberate teach of no project. Generally they’ve the different to change oppressive and violent cultures, but they devise nothing because they need hundreds of females to skills the identical mistreatment that they themselves skilled. My 2002 look on burial rites confirmed ex-widows’ resistance to the abrogation of oppressive widowhood practices. In like manner, a 2008 look printed the reluctance of females to enhance fellow females vying for political place of work in the nation.

My stare is that Nigerian males as a crew appear to behave together to retain their privileges, whereas females create no longer act together to pain patriarchy.

Thus, females inspire patriarchy; and when points just like the Chrisland Faculties affair occur, females unnecessarily suffer the backlash.

Egodi Uchendu, Professor (of History and Global Experiences), College of Nigeria

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